Kamakhya Temple (Kamrup-kamakhya) is a famous Hindu Pilgrimage situated at Guwahati, Assam, India. It’s located on the Nilachal Hill in Guwahati. The Kamakhya Temple is devoted to Devi Kamakhya. The temple’s compound consists of 10 other individual temples of 10 different avatars of Devi Kaali namely Dhumavati, Matangi, Bagola, Tara, Kamala, Bhairavi, Chinnamasta, Bhuvaneshwari, and Tripuara Sundari. It’s a crucial Hindu temple destination for Tantric worshipers. Because the Sanskrit word for lovemaking is ‘kama’, the place was named Kamakhya.
Mythical History of the Kamakhya:
Kamakhya Temple is an ancient temple. It’s one of the 108 Shakti Peeths. Consistent with the mythical history, the Kamakhya Temple is claimed to be the key place where Sati and Shiva went to meet. Another story also states that it had been the precise place where Sati’s ‘Yuni’ fell when Lord Shiva carrying back her body.
Kamakhya Temple History:
Kamakhya Temple is an ancient temple built around 7th Century CE. The king of Gupta Emperor Samudragupta is one of the earliest references which mentions the temple located in Assam. During that period, the temple was considered a marvel of architecture. The temple was built during the rule of the Pala dynasty.
The temple was damaged within the 11th- 12th Centuries by Nasiruddin in 1227 and Malik Uzbek Tughril Khan in 1225 and 1257. These rulers plundered most of the temples ranging from Bihar, Bengal, and Assam. During these expeditions, Devi Kamakhya temple was severely damaged. Then the King Chilarai erected the temple structures of the Koch family in 1565. In 1658, when King Jayadhvaj Singha (of the Ahom dynasty), seized the lower half the town, the temple received the eye of those rulers who restored the place to its present form.
In the following years, successors of this dynasty became ardent devotees of Shaktism and Shaivism. In 1714, when Siba Singha came into power, he handed over the responsibility of temple supervision to Krishnaram Bhattacharyya who was the top priest then.
The Architecture of the Temple:
The architecture of the temple is extremely unique. The temple has seven beehived shaped Shikaras (gopuras), with each shikara having a golden Trishula. The Kamakhya Temple also consists of three chambers referred to as Calanta, Pancaratna, and Natamandira. The massive and rectangular chamber facing west has an idol of Naga Mata, which the devotees seldom worship. Within the South, the chamber has the idol of Devi Chamundeshwari. The Pancaratna or the central chamber results in the Garba Griha or the Sanctum Santorum. The Garba Griha is within the sort of a cave with narrow steps dimly lit by oil lamps resulting in the Yoni, where the fissure of rock is found and worshipped.
The temple complex has three other temples dedicated to Lord Kedara (Kamaleswara), situated near the northern side of the temple. On the north-western direction is found the Gadadhara temple and on the eastern foothills is found the temple of Lord Pandunath, also referred to as Pandu.
The Bleeding Goddess Kamakhya:
The temple is additionally popular because of the bleeding goddess or the menstruating goddess. Within the month of Ashaad (June), the goddess bleeds or menstruates, the Brahmaputra turns into red. The temple then remains closed for 3 days and water is distributed among the devotees of Kamakhya Devi.
The Ambubachi Mela:
The major attraction of Kamakhya Temple is Ambubachi Mela, also referred to as a fertility festival. It’s held within the month of June for five days. During this mela, the temple remains closed for 3 days. During this time many devotees, also as tourists come from various parts of worship.
How to reach there:
By Air: Guwahati airport is the nearest airport which connected to varied major cities.
By Rail: The Paltan Bazar railway station in Guwahati is one of the main railway junctions within the region and connected to varied major railways Junctions also as Cities.
By Road: Many Bus services are there, both Private and Public for road travelers.